Hypertension is very common in pregnant women. Sadly, this condition can cause several problems for both mother and fetus. Not only that, it turns out that high blood pressure can cause problems during pregnancy and after giving birth. Even so, calm, high blood pressure can be prevented and treated. Peel the complete facts about high blood pressure in pregnant women and how to prevent it and treat it!
The impact of high blood pressure (hypertension) on pregnant women and fetuses
Uncontrolled blood pressure during pregnancy, can cause several disorders in fetal development. Complications for the fetus will get worse if the mother has higher blood pressure for a long period of time. One of the most dangerous effects is miscarriage in the first trimester or sudden fetal death.
If the pregnancy continues, the development and growth of the fetus will likely be hampered, even fail. This condition can then have an effect on cognitive disorders of children born.
So, before the mother-to-be decides to get pregnant, it would be nice to control her blood pressure first. That way, if a hypertensive condition is detected, the mother can get treatment before, during, and after pregnancy, so as to avoid various risks.
Common types of hypertension in pregnant women
Diagnosis of hypertension in pregnant women is usually divided into four categories, namely:
- Chronic hypertension, which has existed since before pregnancy or was diagnosed at gestational age before 20 weeks.
- Preeclampsia-eclampsia, a pregnancy complication that occurs when the pregnancy enters the age of 24 weeks and above.
- Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia, a condition when a pregnant woman who has a previous history of chronic hypertension also develops preeclampsia.
- Gestational hypertension or hypertension that only occurs during pregnancy. Blood pressure will then drop back down after delivery.
Risk factors for pregnant women are at higher risk of developing High Pressure Blood
There are several factors that cause pregnant women to experience hypertension, namely: under 20 years old or above 40 years old, have a history of chronic hypertension, have had hypertension since before pregnancy, have diabetes, are overweight, have kidney disease, have had IVF , have a family history of gestational hypertension.
How to prevent and treat hypertension in pregnant women
Like people with hypertension in general, pregnant women who suffer from hypertension are also allowed to take blood pressure-lowering drugs. However, the consumption of drugs must be based on the provisions of a doctor’s prescription because not all types of hypertension drugs can be consumed during pregnancy.
In addition, mothers must improve their lifestyle and diet by maintaining an ideal body weight, being active and exercising, adjusting the weight gain during pregnancy with your body mass index before pregnancy.
Those are some things that prospective mothers need to know about the impact of hypertension on pregnant women. It would be nice if you consult a doctor first regarding your own health condition before carrying out a pregnancy program, in order to avoid dangerous risks.