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Taking part in Soccer, Hockey in Prime Faculty Ups Odds for Stimulant Abuse

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News Picture: Playing Football, Hockey in High School Ups Odds for Stimulant Abuse

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

Collaborating in positive sports activities in highschool might result in misuse of prescription stimulants within the years after commencement, a brand new learn about reveals.

It reported that top faculty seniors who play touch sports activities are 50% much more likely to abuse prescription stimulants of their 20s. Seniors who participate in any recreation are much more likely than those that do not to abuse those medication, mentioned lead writer Philip Veliz, an affiliate analysis professor on the College of Michigan Faculty of Nursing.

Seniors who take part in noncontact sports activities are much less prone to abuse prescription opioids over the following decade, however much more likely to abuse stimulants than nonathletes, the learn about discovered.

“The findings fortify screening all through formative years as just about 1 in 3 highschool seniors have interaction in prescription drug misuse,” co-author Sean Esteban McCabe mentioned in a college information liberate. He’s senior director of DASH, the Middle for the Learn about of Drug, Alcohol, Smoking, and Well being at Michigan.

For the national learn about, the researchers accrued information on greater than 4,770 Twelfth-graders between 2006 and 2017. Scholars have been adopted for 10 years.

The investigators checked out touch sports activities, akin to soccer, ice hockey, lacrosse and wrestling. Additionally they checked out semi-contact sports activities, together with baseball, basketball, box hockey and football, and noncontact sports activities akin to go nation, gymnastics, swimming, tennis, monitor, volleyball and weightlifting.

They discovered that:

  • In all, 31% of highschool seniors misused pharmaceuticals at least one time.
  • Amongst the ones involved sports activities, 11% of seniors misused prescription stimulants.
  • Charge of misuse rose to 18% when the contributors have been 20 and 21 years of age.

“Misuse of prescription opioids was once upper for respondents who participated involved sports activities all through Twelfth grade,” Veliz mentioned within the liberate. “Alternatively, participation in this kind of recreation was once no longer related to beginning this kind of drug use in younger maturity.”

Veliz mentioned misuse of prescription opioids declined amongst teenagers and younger adults all through the learn about duration as a result of opioids have been changing into much less to be had and there was once higher consciousness of the dangers they pose.

Prescription drug misuse of each opioids and stimulants has declined considerably amongst teenagers since 2010, Veliz mentioned.

“Alternatively, this learn about discovered that some forms of former highschool athletes are at higher chance of misusing those medication and beginning them all through early maturity [between ages 19 and 21],” he mentioned.

Veliz was once shocked that teenagers in noncontact sports activities have been much more likely to start out abusing stimulants of their 20s than those that didn’t play a noncontact recreation.

Research recommend that those that play noncontact sports activities have higher educational data and might see sports activities so that you could burnish their resumes for varsity admission. Younger adults misuse stimulants as a result of they incorrectly suppose those medication spice up educational efficiency, Veliz mentioned.

The findings have been printed on-line Aug. 10 within the American Magazine of Epidemiology.

Additional info

The U.S. Facilities for Illness Regulate and Prevention has extra about teenager drug use.

SOURCE: College of Michigan, information liberate, Aug. 10, 2022

Via Steven Reinberg HealthDay Reporter

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On a regular basis Actions That Can Minimize Your Odds for Dementia

News Picture: Everyday Activities That Can Cut Your Odds for Dementia

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

Studying, doing yoga and spending time with friends and family would possibly assist decrease your chance of dementia, a brand new learn about suggests.

“Earlier research have proven that recreational actions had been related to quite a lot of well being advantages, equivalent to a decrease most cancers chance, a discount of atrial traumatic inflammation, and an individual’s belief of their very own well-being,” mentioned learn about writer Lin Lu, of Peking College 6th Medical institution in Beijing, China.

“On the other hand, there’s conflicting proof of the function of recreational actions within the prevention of dementia. Our analysis discovered that recreational actions like making crafts, taking part in sports activities or volunteering had been connected to a discounted chance of dementia,” Lu added.

For the brand new learn about, Lu and his group reviewed 38 research that integrated greater than 2 million individuals who didn’t have dementia. Of the ones, 74,700 advanced dementia all over the three-year follow-up.

After allowing for elements equivalent to age, intercourse and training, the investigators discovered that individuals who engaged in recreational actions had a 17% decrease chance of dementia than those that did not.

The learn about checked out psychological, bodily and social actions.

Psychological actions integrated studying, writing for excitement, looking at tv, being attentive to the radio, taking part in video games or musical tools, the use of a pc and making crafts. Other folks who did those actions had a 23% decrease chance of dementia.

Bodily actions — together with strolling, operating, swimming, bicycling, the use of workout machines, taking part in sports activities, yoga and dancing — had been connected to a 17% decrease dementia chance, the researchers discovered.

Attractive in social actions — equivalent to staying in contact with others, taking categories, becoming a member of golf equipment, volunteering, spending time with family or pals, or attending church — was once related to a 7% decrease chance.

This learn about can not turn out that those actions decrease the danger for dementia, best that there is also a connection, the group famous.

“This meta-analysis means that being lively has advantages, and there are many actions which are simple to include into day-to-day existence that can be really helpful to the mind,” Lu mentioned in a information liberate from the American Academy of Neurology. “Our analysis discovered that recreational actions would possibly cut back the danger of dementia. Long term research will have to come with better pattern sizes and longer follow-up time to expose extra hyperlinks between recreational actions and dementia.”

The file was once printed on-line Aug. 10 within the magazine Neurology.

SOURCE: American Academy of Neurology, information liberate, Aug. 10, 2022

By means of Steven Reinberg HealthDay Reporter

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Vegetarian Girls at Upper Odds for Hip Fracture

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News Picture: Vegetarian Women at Higher Odds for Hip FractureBy means of Denise Mann HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

Report numbers of persons are turning to plant-based diets to profit from the numerous well being advantages they provide, however this will come on the expense in their bones, a brand new learn about suggests.

Precisely what did researchers to find? Center-aged girls who by no means consume meat is also much more likely to damage a hip than girls who frequently devour meat and/or fish.

Extra learn about is had to perceive why vegetarians appear to be at better chance for hip fractures, however researchers suspect that low frame mass index (BMI) and nutrient shortfalls play a task.

“While a decrease BMI is really useful for plenty of well being stipulations, being underweight can result in inadequate fats mass, and deficient bone and muscle well being, which is able to each and every build up hip fracture chance,” stated learn about creator James Webster. He’s a doctoral researcher from the Faculty of Meals Science and Diet on the College of Leeds in England. BMI is an estimate of frame fats in accordance with weight and peak. The common BMI of vegetarians within the learn about was once reasonably less than that of meat eaters.

“Folks with much less fats mass have much less cushioning throughout falls, and falls account for 90% of hip fractures,” he defined.

Meat and fish also are superb assets of a number of vitamins for bone well being, together with protein, diet B12 and diet D.

“It’s conceivable to get these kind of vitamins from plant assets, eggs and dairy merchandise, [but] earlier research have discovered decrease intakes of those vitamins in vegetarians,” Webster stated. Within the learn about, vegetarians had decrease intakes of protein and diet B12 than other people who ate meat 5 or extra instances each and every week.

Within the learn about, researchers checked out charges of hip fractures in over 26,000 girls elderly 35 to 69 who ate meat not more than 4 instances every week (occasional meat eaters); pescatarians who ate fish however no longer meat; vegetarians; and common meat-eaters who ate up meat a minimum of 5 instances every week. The ladies crammed out meals frequency questionnaires, and those had been when put next in opposition to health center information to look who suffered a hip fracture. Throughout about twenty years of follow-up, there have been 822 hip fractures.

Vegetarians had been the one team who had an increased chance of hip fracture as soon as researchers managed for different components recognized to extend this chance, together with smoking standing and bodily job stage.

The findings had been revealed on-line Aug. 11 within the magazine BMC Drugs.

There are steps that vegetarians can take to raised give protection to their bones whilst taking part in the center and different well being advantages of a plant-based vitamin, Webster stated. This begins with keeping up a wholesome weight, which will increase the chance of wholesome bones and muscular tissues, and is helping to scale back hip fracture chance.

Consuming loads of vegetables and fruit, nuts, legumes, beans and entire grains supplies many of the vitamins wanted for bone well being and fracture prevention, he added.

Imagine fortified meals and dietary supplements, too, he prompt. “Consuming meals fortified with key vitamins or taking dietary dietary supplements too can lend a hand keep away from dietary deficiencies, in particular for diet B12 and omega-3 fatty acids, which might be tricky to get from plant meals at once,” Webster stated.

Fending off smoking and over the top alcohol intake, whilst getting common workout, too can lend a hand stay bones robust. “Resistance workout, the place you carry or pull in opposition to resistance, equivalent to weight coaching, is also in particular really useful via expanding bone and muscle energy,” Webster stated.




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New Austrian analysis revealed ultimate week backs up this recommendation: Vegans who carry weights or do energy coaching have more potent bones than vegans who simplest do different types of workout, equivalent to cycling or swimming.

Dietitians no longer concerned with the brand new learn about identified that constructing robust and wholesome bones comes to extra than simply getting sufficient calcium.

Magnesium, potassium, boron, zinc, copper, manganese, diet D and diet K2 also are vital, stated Robin Foroutan, a New York dietitian.

“Protein is seriously vital to constructing a powerful and versatile bone matrix,” she stated. “Vegetarian assets of protein is also tougher to digest and take in for some other folks, which makes the protein much less bioavailable.”

That specialize in fine quality assets of vegetarian protein, in addition to darkish leafy

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Community Would possibly Impact a Couple’s Odds of Conceiving

News Picture: Neighborhood May Affect a Couple's Odds of Conceiving

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 3, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

The place you reside would possibly have an effect on your fertility, a brand new find out about suggests.

Individuals who reside in economically disadvantaged neighborhoods are about 20% much less more likely to conceive, in comparison to folks from spaces with extra sources, researchers stated.

Investments in disadvantaged neighborhoods that cope with financial disparities would possibly beef up fertility in the ones spaces, in keeping with the authors, who researched “fecundability,” or the chance of turning into pregnant each and every month.

“There are dozens of research taking a look at how your group atmosphere is related to antagonistic start results, however the pre-conception duration is closely under-studied from a structural viewpoint,” defined find out about creator Mary Willis, a postdoctoral student in Oregon State College’s Faculty of Public Well being and Human Sciences.

“Seems, ahead of you might be even conceived, there could also be issues affecting your well being,” she stated in a college information free up.

The find out about used knowledge from an ongoing analysis venture from Boston College referred to as the Being pregnant Find out about On-line (PRESTO).

The Oregon researchers analyzed 6,356 U.S. people in knowledge gathered from 2013 thru 2019. The contributors ranged in age from 21 to 45 and had been making an attempt to conceive with out the assistance of fertility remedy.

Contributors replied questions on menstrual cycle traits and being pregnant standing in on-line surveys each and every 8 weeks for as much as a 12 months. The find out about documented 3,725 pregnancies all through that period of time.

The researchers then when compared contributors in line with their “area-deprivation index” rating, which measured socioeconomic sources in an area. The workforce measured this rating at each nationwide and within-state ranges.

In response to nationwide scores, the ones within the most-deprived neighborhoods had a 19% to 21% decrease likelihood of turning into pregnant when compared with the ones within the least-deprived neighborhoods. In response to the within-state scores, the aid was once 23% to twenty-five%.

“The truth that we are seeing the similar effects at the nationwide and state degree truly displays that group deprivation can affect reproductive well being, together with fertility,” Willis stated. Then again, the find out about simplest discovered an affiliation between group source of revenue and fertility ranges, quite than a cause-and-effect hyperlink.

The vast majority of find out about contributors had been white, had finished a four-year faculty schooling and earned greater than $50,000 a 12 months.

Public well being analysis has highlighted the significance of social determinants of well being and the concept ZIP code is the best predictor for total lifestyles expectancy.

“However the concept that that your group impacts your fertility hasn’t been studied intensive,” Willis famous. “As well as, the arena of infertility analysis is in large part eager about particular person components, so after I got here into this find out about as an environmental epidemiologist, I used to be pondering we must have a look at it as a structural drawback.”

Coming near fertility analysis from a structural viewpoint may lend a hand scale back or save you infertility total, Willis stated, noting the prime value of fertility therapies lead them to obtainable simplest to households with vital sources.

The findings had been printed June 30 within the magazine JAMA Community Open.

Additional info

The U.S. Division of Well being and Human Products and services has extra at the social determinants of well being.

SOURCE: Oregon State College, information free up, July 28, 2022

By means of Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter

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Even Chores, Socializing May Decrease Your Odds for Dementia

News Picture: Even Chores, Socializing Might Lower Your Odds for DementiaBy means of Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, July 28, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

Your day-to-day stroll, cleansing the home and lunch with buddies may in combination be keys to staving off dementia, in line with researchers.

A brand new learn about checked out way of life conduct that would lend a hand decrease dangers, as an alternative of things that can give a contribution to the illness.

Researchers in China combed the information of greater than a half-million British folks in the United Kingdom Biobank and located that family chores, social visits and workout had been all related to lowered dangers for more than one varieties of dementia.

The learn about, led by means of Dr. Huan Tune of Sichuan College in Chengdu, China, adopted the members for a median 11 years. By means of the top of the follow-up, 5,185 members had evolved dementia.

“We will’t simply have a look at this learn about and say, ‘when you workout, you will scale back your chance of Alzheimer’s’ — that’s not a conclusion we will be able to come to, however that is yet another piece of the proof that implies that workout is actually, actually just right in your mind,” stated Dr. Allison Reiss, an affiliate professor at NYU Lengthy Island College of Drugs who serves on an Alzheimer’s Basis of The us advisory board.

Reiss stated the learn about used to be neatly executed and outstanding as a result of its measurement, although it used to be additionally subjective as it used to be in response to questionnaires stuffed out by means of members. They replied questions on their bodily actions, together with frequency of hiking stairs, participation in strenuous sports activities and transportation use.

The members additionally supplied details about their family chores, job-related actions and use of digital units, in addition to how frequently they visited with family and friends or went to pubs, social golf equipment or spiritual teams. In addition they reported circle of relatives historical past of dementia, which helped researchers gauge genetic chance for Alzheimer’s.

Whether they had a circle of relatives historical past of dementia, all members benefited from the protecting impact of bodily and psychological actions, the researchers discovered.

Particularly, chance dropped 35% amongst widespread exercisers; by means of 21% amongst those that did family chores, and by means of 15% amongst those that had day-to-day visits with friends and family, in comparison to people who had been least engaged in those actions.

Chores might be useful as a result of they are a type of workout, Reiss stated. People who find themselves cleansing, cooking and gardening can also be residing a extra energetic way of life.

“I actually do suppose being bodily energetic as you grow older is solely an excellent factor,” she stated. “Do not drop out of lifestyles and take a seat at the sofa. Get out and do stuff with folks. And if it is bodily job, it is nice. And psychological job is just right. Stay residing lifestyles.”

Dr. Zaldy Tan, scientific director for the Jona Goldrich Heart for Alzheimer’s and Reminiscence Problems at Cedars-Sinai Scientific Heart in Los Angeles, additionally reviewed the findings.

He stated consistency could also be a good thing about family chores. They are so intertwined with day by day actions, not like workout, which individuals might surrender for a time, he identified.

“And, in fact, the objective this is to complement that with different actions that don’t seem to be handiest bodily not easy, but additionally build up our psychological simulation and flex our social muscle groups,” Tan stated. “That is the different attention-grabbing side of this learn about is that it isn’t simply bodily job, but additionally psychological and social actions.”

Occasionally folks finally end up remoted as they input retirement if all their social interactions are tied to their paintings, he stated. Social isolation is a chance issue for dementia.

“What folks can remove from that is that it doesn’t matter what age, it doesn’t matter what our lifestyles state of affairs, we need to give you the option to stick bodily energetic, mentally energetic, socially engaged as a part of the whole strategy to maintaining our minds and our brains wholesome from heart age to outdated age,” Tan stated. He added that different research have additionally proven that common bodily, psychological and social job advantages mind well being.

Researchers famous that this learn about cannot be generalized to a various team, as a result of many of the members had been white other people in the UK and since job ranges had been self-reported.

Percy Griffin, director of clinical engagement for the Alzheimer’s Affiliation, stated the findings are thrilling and warrant further investigation.




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Group Elements May Elevate Your Kid’s Odds for Bronchial asthma

News Picture: Neighborhood Factors Could Raise Your Child's Odds for Asthma

MONDAY, July 25, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

Interior-city children are identified to be at larger chance for out of control bronchial asthma. Now, new analysis means that violent crime and deficient college success is also two explanation why.

“Experiencing violent crime can lead to poisonous pressure, and diminished instructional attainment is related to decrease well being literacy,” mentioned learn about creator Dr. Jordan Tyris, a hospitalist at Youngsters’s Nationwide Clinic in Washington, D.C. “Poisonous pressure and decrease well being literacy are related to worse bronchial asthma well being in kids, so it’s conceivable that this may occasionally give an explanation for our findings.”

Well being literacy refers to how nicely an individual understands and processes the guidelines had to make suitable possible choices about well being care.

Nonetheless, different elements now not addressed within the new learn about is also at play, together with structural racism and get entry to to well being care, Tyris mentioned.

For the learn about, her group analyzed knowledge from just about 15,500 children with bronchial asthma (elderly 2 to 17) in Washington, D.C. The ones children who lived in spaces with extra violent crime and less highschool graduates have been much more likely to be hospitalized or search care within the emergency division for bronchial asthma assaults, the learn about confirmed.

Turning this example round will take a village, Tyris mentioned.

Increasing network school choices for adults and offering higher early formative years education schemes in those neighborhoods might make a significant distinction in class success and well being literacy.

“We advise that community-based interventions follow a population-level center of attention on neighborhoods with larger charges of emergency departments and hospitalizations,” Tyris mentioned. “Attractive network participants and different stakeholders to create those interventions and cope with those necessary social elements may result in decrease bronchial asthma [rates] amongst kids dwelling in those spaces.”

The learn about was once printed on-line July 25 within the magazine Pediatrics.

The findings reflect what Dr. Kevin Fiori sees in his Bronx, N.Y.-based apply. He’s the director of social determinants of well being and network and inhabitants well being at Montefiore Clinical Middle and an assistant professor of pediatrics at Albert Einstein Faculty of Medication.

“Antagonistic social determinants of well being, which span volatile housing or deficient housing prerequisites in addition to different environmental elements, can negatively have an effect on an individual’s well being in vital tactics,” mentioned Fiori, who reviewed the findings.

It is time to assume out of doors of the field, he mentioned.

“This new learn about … demonstrates why you will need to spouse with households who may already be doing the entire clinical interventions we advise however combat with underlying drivers of bronchial asthma exacerbations, which might be mildew or pests which can be found in a circle of relatives’s family,” Fiori mentioned.

He mentioned oldsters of children with bronchial asthma must inform their pediatrician what is going on at house as it should impact their kid’s well being, and assist is to be had.

“Number one care suppliers and pediatricians can spouse with our sufferers in significant tactics like making referrals to meals assets, writing letters to landlords explaining how the housing situation is worsening a affected person’s bronchial asthma, and advocating to representatives concerning the significance of secure neighbors on circle of relatives well being,” Fiori mentioned.

As an example, the New York Town Well being Division’s Wholesome Houses Program conducts loose house checks and can paintings with assets homeowners to mend any problems, Fiori mentioned.

“Years again, we discovered that interventions like bringing an exterminator to the houses of virtually 400 pediatric sufferers with continual bronchial asthma may just cut back hypersensitive reaction signs,” he recalled.

Higher collaboration with network well being staff too can make a distinction within the well being and well-being of those children, Fiori added.

“By way of integrating network well being staff and different companions on our group with the shared purpose of addressing an individual’s ‘entire well being,’ we will start to extra successfully be offering sufferers experience and assets in addition to assist households navigate to be had social products and services,” Fiori mentioned.

Additional info

The American Faculty of Hypersensitive reaction, Bronchial asthma & Immunology has extra on treating bronchial asthma in kids.

SOURCES: Jordan Tyris, MD, hospitalist, Youngsters’s Nationwide Clinic, Washington D.C.; Kevin Fiori, MD, MPH, MSc, director, social determinants of well being and network and inhabitants well being, Montefiore Clinical Middle, and assistant professor, pediatrics, Albert Einstein Faculty of Medication, Bronx, N.Y.; Pediatrics, August 2022

By way of Denise Mann HealthDay Reporter

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Top Blood Force Doubles Odds That COVID Will Be Critical

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News Picture: High Blood Pressure Doubles Odds That COVID Will Be Severe

MONDAY, July 25, 2022

Just about part of American adults have hypertension — and that by myself greater than doubles their odds of being hospitalized if they’re inflamed with the Omicron variant of the coronavirus, a brand new find out about printed.

This was once true even in individuals who have been absolutely vaccinated and boosted towards COVID-19, in step with researchers on the Smidt Middle Institute at Cedars-Sinai Scientific Middle in Los Angeles.

“The take-home message is that heading off an infection is terribly necessary — even if the circulating viral variant is presumed to reason delicate illness in most of the people,” mentioned find out about creator Dr. Joseph Ebinger, a medical heart specialist on the institute.

Other folks with hypertension (high blood pressure) who get COVID-19 will have to take note of this heightened possibility and will have to speak about antiviral remedy with their physician, he instructed.

For the find out about, the researchers combed scientific information to spot 912 individuals who have been recognized with COVID-19 all through the primary Omicron surge between Dec. 1, 2021, and April 20, 2022, in Southern California. The sufferers have been absolutely vaccinated with an mRNA vaccine and had won a booster shot. Of the ones other people, 145 wound up within the medical institution.

“We have been stunned to be told that many of us who have been hospitalized with COVID-19 had high blood pressure and no different possibility components,” mentioned senior creator Dr. Susan Cheng, director of the Institute for Analysis on Wholesome Getting older on the Smidt Middle Institute. “That is relating to whilst you believe that just about part of American adults have hypertension.”

Different prerequisites — together with power kidney illness, having had a middle assault or middle failure — a great deal higher sufferers’ possibility of hospitalization after an infection, the find out about authors mentioned in a scientific heart information free up.

“Those findings have been anticipated making an allowance for that those are power scientific prerequisites which are smartly established to be related to worse results,” Ebinger mentioned.

The workforce additionally teased out the results of hypertension with out the ones 3 prerequisites and located that the danger for hospitalization remained really extensive.

It additionally higher with age and as extra time handed between vaccination and an infection. However hypertension nonetheless added greater than two times the danger of different components, in step with the find out about.

The investigators additionally discovered that prerequisites similar to diabetes and weight problems that have been discovered previous within the pandemic to spice up the danger of hospitalization weren’t as strongly connected with a medical institution keep all through the Omicron surge.

Extra investigation is had to perceive the organic processes that can result in extra critical COVID-19 sickness in other people with hypertension, the workforce concluded.

“Uncovering why high blood pressure is connected to COVID-19 may lend a hand us higher know how SARS-CoV-2 impacts the frame and supply clearer objectives for prevention and remedy,” Cheng mentioned.

The findings have been revealed on-line July 20 within the magazine High blood pressure.

Additional info

The U.S. Facilities for Illness Regulate and Prevention has extra on COVID-19 and underlying well being prerequisites.

SOURCE: Cedars-Sinai Scientific Middle, information free up, July 20, 2022

Through Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter

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